The best Prague Museums: national museum, Bedřich Smetana Museum, Mucha museum, Museum of Decorative Arts, Villa Müller Museum, etc.

National Museum

The Prague museum was founded  on April 15, 1818, with the first president of the Society of the Patriotic Museum being named Count Šternberk, who would serve as the trustee and operator of the museum. Furthermore, Šternberg Palace at Hradčany became the first permanent headquarters of the Museum in 1819, partially lent for this purpose by the Society of Patriotic Friends of Art. Nowadays, it is one of the National Gallery buildings.

Czech Museum of Music

The Czech Museum of Music is located at the Lesser Quarter, in the beautiful Baroque Church of Santa Maria Magdalena built in the 17th century. The exhibition presents a special collection of musical instruments as an outstanding proof of art. Also as a basic mediator between human and music. Moreover, there is a guide that will present the exhibited objects and also the possibility to hear the original sounds made by the instruments. Check out the opening hours here. Finally, there is a reading room in the museum. It open: Monday and Friday from 10 am. to 3 pm., Wednesday and Thursday from 10 am. to 6 pm.; At the reading room visitors can listen to original extracts of sounds made by the instruments exhibited and make use of the sound archive.

Bedřich Smetana Museum

Bedřich Smetana is a famous Czech composer from 1824 to 1884. Moreover, he was the leading Czech composer at a time when Czech Nationalism was allowed to be expressed through the medium of the arts, which had so long been dominated by the official language, German. In conclusion, he’s work and life history can be find in the museum.

Lapidarium Museum

Lapidarium museum was opened in 1905. It has been situated in a summer palace on the exhibition area Výstaviště in Holešovice. The building was built with a valuable stone sculptures dating from the 11th to the 20th century. Furthermore, the museum has a collection of around 2000 artefacts, 420 of which are on permanent display in eight halls of approximative area of 1500 square meters.

At the Golden Lion (Dittrich’s pharmacy)

The Dittrich’s pharmacy was located in the house. It was originally a late Renaissance house which was rebuilt in Baroque and Classicist styles. Its interior has been preserved until the present day. Moreover, the Historian and a connoisseur of Prague’s monuments V. V. Štech (1885–1974) used to live there.

Náprstek Museum

The museum was founded in 1862 by Czech national revivalist politician Vojtěch Náprstek in his former family brewery, as the Czech Industrial Museum. One of his most important activities was the construction of the private Czech Industrial Museum, which was supposed to help underdeveloped Czech manufacturing. After his death the museum became the Ethnographic Museum.

Villa Müller Museum

The family house was built for Frantisek Muller. It is the most famous functionalist building in Prague. All the spaces in the house are connected by the stairways on different levels. Moreover, the terrace on the rooftop has a special “window”, which is framing the view. Muller villa was inhabited till the beginning of the communist. Finally, the building was restored in 1998 and now operating as a museum.

Podskalí Custom House at Výtoň

The Podskalí has been in existence since the end of 12th century. The former customs house building at Vytoň is the last residue of the ancient Podskalí fishing settlement apart from the early Baroque parish church of St Cosmas and St Damian.

Mucha Museum

The museum is dedicated to the life and work of the world famous Czech Art Nouveau artist Alphonse Mucha. The museum was opened to the public on 13th February 1998. Also,the museum hosts more than 100 exhibits which includes paintings, drawings, pastels, etc. 

Museum of Decorative Arts 

The museum was founded in 1885 and is housed in a Neo-Renaissance edifice built from 1897 to 1899 after the designs of architect Josef Schulz. Moreover, the impressive interior of the permanent exhibition, “Stories of Materials,” offers visitors an excursion into the history and development of decorative arts in the disciplines of glass, ceramics, graphic art, design, metal, wood and other materials.

National Technical Museum

National Technical Museum was founded in 1908.  The Department of Museum Pedagogy prepares illustrative and interactive educational programmes (ENTER) for basic and secondary schools.  As well as for visitor groups notifying the museum in advance. The National Technical Museum also has its own research centre with its own publication and educational activities concerning the history of the sciences and technology.

Postal Museum

The Postal Museum was founded on the 18th of December 1918. As a body whose collections on postal history were to witness the independent and autonomous status of the Czech and Slovak nation. The first Czechoslovak postage stamp, the famous “Prague Castle” designed by Alfons Mucha, appeared on the same day.

Prague Aviation Museum

The Aviation museum was founded in 1968, in the area of the historic military airfield Prague-Kbely. Also, the first air base built after the constitution of Czechoslovakia in 1918. Due to both the quantity and quality of its collections, it is one of to the largest air museums in Europe. In addition, currently the collections contain 275 aircrafts, 85 of which are exhibited in four indoor halls, 25 are displayed in the open air, 155 are stored in depositories, and 10 planes, fully operational, are still in service. Many aircraft are unique in the world.