The historical churches in Prague
The city of Prague is really rich in the religious monuments. However, Prague is the most popular tourist destinations and historically monuments. Also, a beautiful city and unique place to visit. Moreover, it’s full of historical monuments: bell towers, magnificient temples and cathedrals.
Petrin – Stations of the cross
The Calvary Chapel and the first Stations of the Cross on the hill Petrin was built around 1735. Later, the station was increased to the current 14 scenes at the instigation of Count Chotek about a hundred years later. The Architect Josef Kranner was the author of this reconstruction and the Josef Fuhrich was the scenes painter.
The monastery was founded by Duke Vladislav II, his wife Gertrude, Bishop of Prague Jan and Bishop of Ololmouc Jindřich Zdík. Furthermore, it was the oldest premonstratensian monastery in Bohemia. At same time, is one of the oldest extant monasteries of this order in the world. There are Museum of National Literature, art gallery and Strahov library in the monastery
The monastery was founded by the Prague Bishop St. Adalbert and Duke Boleslav II Pious in 993. It is the oldest male monastery in Bohemia.Moreover, was the first stone church built in the 11th century. The Břevnov monastery was partially damaged during the Hussite wars. It was restored and rebuilt in the Baroque style in the late of the 17th and the early of the 18th centuries. In conclusion, the monastery has the oldest tradition of brewing beer in the Bohemia.
St. Vitus Cathedral
The cathedral was dedicated only to Saint Vitus. St. Vitus cathedral is a Roman Catholic metropolitan also, the national treasury which contains some of the most important symbols of Czech statehood, such as the Saint Wenceslas Crown or the Coronation Cross with relics of the passion of Christ.
St. George’s Bassilica
The church was built in a Romanesque style, though Baroque elements have been added after the fire damage in 1142. The basillica was founded by Vratislaus I of Bohemia in 920 and dedicated to St. George. St. George’s Basillica is also, one of the oldest churches in the Czech Republic and located in Prague Castle.
Church of Our Lady Victorious
The church was built in 1613, the first Baroque church to be built in Prague. Church of Our Lady Victorious is well known for home of the famous Child Jesus statue. Infact, part of the church is dedicated to display the infant of Prague and his fabulous gowns and gifts from famous figures of the past centuries. The statue, a 16th-century depiction of infant Jesus holding a globus cruciger, was donated to the Carmelite friars in 1628 by Polyxena, 1st Princess Lobkowicz.
Church of Our Lady Before Týn
The cathedral was built from the mid-14th to the early 16th centuries. Church of Our Lady before Týn (Chrám Matky Boží před Týnem) is one of the Gothic religious buildings in Prague. At the end of the 17th century, the interior was rebuilt in Baroque style. The cathedral serves as an extensive gallery of Gothic, Renaissance and Early Baroque works. In addition, the altar was painted by Karel Škréta and the tomb of the astronomer Tycho Brahe.
St. Martin Church
Between 1360-1370 the Presbyterian gained a groined vault, which is said to be one of the oldest of its kind in the Czech Republic. Furthermore, In the 14th and 15th centuries the church was reconstructed in the Gothic style, which remains to this day. St. Martin in the Wall Church is an ancient preserved church. The original church had just one nave, which has been preserved in the present nave along with other Romanesque features. It is located in the old town square.
St. Salvator Church
The church was built in 1578 by Marco Fontana di Brusata in the renaissance style. St. Salvator Church was renovated in the 17thcentury in the baroque style by the architect Carlo Lurago. Moreover, the interior is rich with stucco decoration. The altarpiece was painted by Jiří Hering in 1632 after “Transfiguration of Christ” by Raffael, kept in the Vatican and the ceiling fresco symbolizes the four continents known at the time.
St. Nicholas Church
The church is one of the famous Baroque church in Prague. St. Nicholas Church was built between 1704-1755 on the site where formerly a Gothic church from the 13th century stood, which was also dedicated to St. Nicholas. This church has had a strong preaching and teaching tradition before, the priest were imprisoned or forced to leave into exile.
Bethlehem Chapel was founded in 1391 in Prague by the burgher Jan Kříž and the courtier Hanuš of Műhlheim. Hence, a medieval religious building in the Old town square of Prague. ALso, notable for its connection with the origins of the Bohemian Reformation, especially with Jan Hus the Czech reformer.